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THE LUXX BOUTIQUE HOTEL
HILTON ISTANBUL BOSPHORUS
The History of Istanbul
Istanbul is one of the most important cities in the world because of its cultural and historical richness. It is the only city that stands on two continents: Europe and Asia. This position brings Eastern and Western cultures together.
Istanbul used to be the capital of two great empires of history. Roman Emperor Constantine the Great moved the main capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium and Roman Empire was divided into East and West.
Before that, Megarians from Greece came to the city in the 680s BC. Byzantion, the oldest known name of the Istanbul, was a name given to the honor of the Megarian King Byzas. When Constantine moved the capital here and gave it the Nova Rome (New Rome) name, it was called Constantinople (The City of Constantine) after his death.
The Edict of Milan was a declaration issued in 313 by Emperor Constantine which permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire, but Romans reacted against this decision. Paganism was the official religion of the Empire. This was one of the most important reasons why the Romans were divided into two parts. The conflict between Christianity and Paganism. Istanbul had all the qualities of a new capital. Constantine thought that the city Nova Rome was indeed a place for Rome to be rebuilt. And there was an interesting detail that both Rome and Istanbul were built on seven hills. To build Istanbul was one of the most important decisions of history.
The Eastern Roman Empire was never referred to as the Byzantine Empire. This usage was introduced only in 1555 by the German historian Hieronymus Wolf, a century after the Empire had ceased to exist.
In the following periods, Arab attacks and crusades gave great damage to Eastern Roman Empire. In 1204 Constantinople was conquered by the Crusaders and was looted mercilessly. The largest city of the Middle Ages, with a population of nearly 500,000 lays impoverished, and in ruins. In 1204, a Latin empire was established at Constantinople. 57 years later, their land was diminished, the decentralized power weakened and the people became poor.
In the meantime, the Turks were in the Mediterranean, and Aegean coasts. When the Turks had taken all of the Thracian, Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks under the command Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in May 1453 after ten centuries of wars, defeats, and victories. One of the greatest achievements of Fatih Sultan Mehmet was giving life again to this ruined city.
The name İstanbul is commonly held to derive from the Medieval Greek phrase "eis ten polin” which means "to the city" and is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks.
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The Most Important Places to See
There are so many beautiful places to visit in Istanbul that it has more places than you can shake a stick at. You can see all the beauty and details side by side in almost every corner of the city where Eastern and Western cultures come together. Istanbul was the capital of two of the greatest empires and two sacred religious in history. So, you can see traces of the past from all over the city. As the former capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires, present day Istanbul retains the history that emerged form the city and integrates its historical values to the modern life. The famous buildings in the city which are among the places to visit in Istanbul are within walking distance of each other.
Generally, touristic points are collected in the area called the Historical Peninsula. The oldest urban area in the city, the historic peninsula is completely encircled by the city walls. Let's start with Hagia Sophia. Because of the first visit of Fatih Sultan Mehmet, Hagia Sophia is still the first place to visit in Istanbul as a tradition. Galata Tower, Istanbul Archeology Museum, Sultan Ahmet Mosque, Süleymaniye Mosque, Topkapı Palace, Dolmabahçe Palace, Grand Bazaar, Golden Horne, Gülhane Park and Emirgan Park are also some places that have historical importance, so you should visit them certainly.